What is Robotics?

#electronics #robotics #sensors #interface #protocols

Dibyanshu Kumar Oct 01 2020 · 1 min read
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Basic Understanding of Robotics and it's use in day-to-day life

Robotics is basically designing, operation, construction, and use of robots. Its goal is to design intelligent machines that helps and assist us in our daily lives. These Robots can be used in many situations and for many purposes, but today they are mainly used in dangerous environments (including inspection of radioactive materials, bomb detection and deactivation), manufacturing processes, or where humans cannot survive (e.g. in space, underwater, in high heat, and clean up and containment of hazardous materials and radiation).

Robots widely used for assembling in factories 

Robots can take on any form but some are made to resemble humans in appearance. This is said to help in the acceptance of a robot in certain replicative behaviors usually performed by people. Such robots attempt to replicate walking, lifting, speech, cognition, or any other human activity. One such example is Sophia, the first robot to receive citizenship of any country, in 2017 she became a Saudi Arabian Citizen. She can follow faces, sustain eye contact, and recognize individuals. She is able to process speech and have conversations using a natural language subsystem. She has also been upgraded with functional legs and the ability to walk.

Used in Automotive domain

Evolutionary Robotics

Evolutionary robotics is done with many different objectives, often at the same time. These include creating useful controllers for real-world robot tasks, exploring the intricacies of evolutionary theory, reproducing psychological phenomena, and finding out about biological neural networks by studying artificial ones. Creating controllers via artificial evolution requires a large number of evaluations of a large population. This is very time consuming, which is one of the reasons why controller evolution is usually done in software. Also, initial random controllers may exhibit potentially harmful behaviour, such as repeatedly crashing into a wall, which may damage the robot. Transferring controllers evolved in simulation to physical robots is very difficult and a major challenge in using the ER approach. The reason is that evolution is free to explore all possibilities to obtain a high fitness, including any inaccuracies of the simulation

Evolutionary Robotics
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